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Activating Women Participation in the Labor Market - Policy Brief | Promise

Activating Women Participation in the Labor Market - Policy Brief

Authors
Higher Population Council
Geographic Area
National
Year Of Publish
2016
Funded by
UNFPA
Type of research
Quantitative
Research Area
Policy, Programmatic/systems,
Abstract

 

 

 This Policy brief presents an analysis of the situation of women's economic participation and the obstacles that face women in the labor market. It also provides policies to deal and solve such challenges.

The effective policies aiming at increasing the participation of women in the labor market to ensure a better investment in the population opportunity, and thus would lead to higher rates of people who are economically active and that is the prime purpose of this brief.

This requires developing effective policies aiming at increasing the participation of women in the labor market to ensure a better investment in the population opportunity, and thus would lead to higher rates of people who are economically active and that is the prime purpose of this brief.

The Policy brief propose alternative policies that may assist in confronting the obstacles facing women and in turn motivate women to participate in the labor market while emphasizing the importance of allocating resources to implement the National Strategy for Jordanian Women (2013-2017). These alternatives encourage the adoption of policies that take into account the gender considerations and implementing them within the national plans and government action plans and procedures.    

This policy brief suggests three alternatives to policies addressing obstacles hindering women participation in the labor market. These are: 

The first alternative:     expansion in patterns of flexible work.

The second alternative: expansion in a women friendly work environment.

The third alternative:    activation of the positive role played by religious, educational and media institutions in relation to women's work and gender equality.

The first alternative, i.e. expansion in patterns of flexible work (part-time work, work from home, and flexible working hours) was selected as the top priority. This alternative was chosen on the basis that it deals with most obstacles hindering women's participation in the labor market. Adopting this alternative can facilitate the activation of the third alternative concerned with spreading awareness about women's participation in the labor market.

The National Employment Strategy for the years 2011-2020 and the National Strategy for Jordanian Women for the years 2013-2017 support the first alternative. It is worth mentioning here that most European countries have adopted this policy towards activating the participation of women in labor market. Moreover, some Arab Gulf countries are working in this direction.

Adopting this alternative requires the formation of a National Committee by the H.E the Prime Minister representing all concerned public and private sectors together with NGOs. The task of such Committee would be to develop schemes and mechanisms of flexible work to be implemented in the Kingdom as part of a strategic plan for this purpose.

Conclusion and Recommendations:

Reviewing the three policy alternatives, we realize that they are all important to increase the participation of women in the labor market. Although it is accepted that all three options are complementing each other serving the ultimate goal of enhancing the participation of women in the labor market, there are limitations in these alternatives. For example, the second alternative is expensive in the short term. Furthermore, the third alternative is a long term but it requires sustainability in order to become beneficial. The third alternative is also essential for adopting the other two options.

Priority should be given to the first alternative, i.e expanding in non- traditional work types, because this alternative is achievable in the short term with relatively quick benefits. In addition, this alternative addresses most of the obstacles facing the participation of women. This alternative has been adopted in most of the European countries. Some Gulf countries are also considering taking this alternative. Adopting this alternative requires activating the third alternative related to spreading awareness of women's participation so that the two alternatives can work in a balanced manner.

Adopting this alternative requires the following procedures:

First: Formation of a national committee by the Prime Minister. This committee is formed from all relevant bodies from the public and private sectors and voluntary sectors. This includes Ministry of Labor, Bureau of Civil Service, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation, Ministry of Industry and Trade, telecommunications companies, Social Security Corporation, NGOs, etc.

Second: Inviting universities and research centers in the kingdom to conduct scientific studies and surveys on flexible work

 

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